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Atri Triana K.*, Warih Hardanu, Agus Dwiono and Dadan Kurnia
Karawang Aquaculture Business Development Center
Pusakajaya Utara, Cilebar, Karawang, Jawa Barat, Indonesia 41353  


The development of the future Aquaculture is ecosystem-based aquaculture. Aquaculture activities certainly affect the water environment, but with good management, environmental quality and aquatic ecosystems can be maintained. Engineering activities conducted 4 units of brackish water ponds with shrimp monoculture, tilapia monoculture, shrimp polyculture (shells, seaweed) and tilapia polyculture (mussels, seaweed). The aquaculture system was traditional (extensive without paddlewheel). Results of water quality observations to shrimp monoculture and polyculture for nitrite, ammonium and phosphate generally showed no different results, but the polyculture system had better survival rate from white spot disease (WSD) infection than monoculture. But in the commodity shrimp, but shrimp with polyculture may be more likely to survive than white spot virus infection. For r tilapia species, polyculture system obtained nitrite concentration 0.04 to 1.12 mg/l, ammonium 0.008-0.137 mg/l and phosphate 0.007-0.09 mg/l, better than tilapia monoculture (nitrite 0.026-1.77 mg/l, ammonium 0.00-0.426 and phosphate 0.00-0.023 mg/l). The production of tilapia obtained by polyculture system increased by 30% compared to control tilapia monoculture ponds. The challenge for future integrated ponds aquaculture is intensive ponds aquaculture systems.

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