World Aquaculture Society Meetings

SURVEILLANCE FOR THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DISEASES IN CUBAN AQUACULTURE.

Silveira C. R. *, Rubio L. M., Laria L. R.,  Pozo E. M,  Artiles V. A., Aguilera S. Y., Prats L. F., Pérez B. A. Hernandez M. D.,  Medel G. M.
Centro de Investigaciones Pesqueras
5ta Ave y 246. Playa, La Habana. Cuba
raquel@cip.alinet.cu

The health programs for the control of animal's aquatic diseases of economic importance for trade have become a requirement for the effective management of sustainable aquaculture development. In 2005 was implemented in Cuba, a program whose objective was to ensure the economic sustainability of the sector based on Monitoring for pathogen and disease detection, as well as the implementation of biosecurity principles , systematic preparation of stakeholders, technical  and  breeders  in  biosecurity,   implementation   of  modern  diagnostic  techniques , prevention and control , use and application of effective medicines, environmentally safe. New pathogens were detected for Cuba, three viruses in shrimp Litopenaeus  schmitti, one bacterial disease in L. vannamei, were identified 20 new parasites and 5 new pathogenic bacteria in fishes. No detected none of the viral diseases listed by the OIE for L.  vannamei. The program has been effective, the early detection of pathogens, has allowed the design of health management systems o reduce the economic losses from disease outbreaks

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