World Aquaculture Society Meetings

Add To Calendar 29/04/2016 10:30:0029/04/2016 10:50:00America/ChicagoAsian-Pacific Aquaculture 2016SELF-AWARENESS DEVELOPMENT ON SUSTAINABLE AQUACULTURE BY MEANS OF CPIB/CBIB CERTIFICATION; THE DYNAMIC AND ITS CHALLENGE   Crystal 1The World Aquaculture Societyjohnc@was.orgfalseanrl65yqlzh3g1q0dme13067DD/MM/YYYY


Rohana Hidayati*,  Masjidin Noor, Ermayani, Yayat Supriat
Mandiangin Freshwater Aquaculture Development Center
Jl. Tahura Sultan Adam Km.14  Mandiangin, Kab. Banjar - Kalimantan Selatan

Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) through the Directorate General of Aquaculture (DGA) supporting the sustainable aquaculture by developing standardization and certification on good hatchery (CPIB) and good aquaculture/grow out (CBIB) practices. These programs are in the line with Good Aquaculture Practices (GAP) standard that becomes the reference for the aquaculture globally.  Four aspects as major consideration are technical, management, food safety and environmental aspect.   

Initiated since 2007, certification on hatchery and aquaculture practices has the dynamic both in promoting and enforcing it.  Start from zero unit, it is now become 379 units of hatcheries and 2796 units for grow out have been certified by the end of 2014. During the on going 2015 there are 577 of certified hatchery units and 6639 of certified grow out units.  It indicates that 32.5% of total aquaculture units is certified.

Implementation of CPIB/CBIB certificate will be another challenge to face.  Being certified does not merely give any assurance that hatchery or grow out unit applying the sustainable aquaculture.  It is mainly depend on the mentality of the farmers, enforcement and surveillance from MMAF/DGA.  In fact, the certification program deals with some problems in farmer's level.  One of them is questioning about the economical benefit gained by applying the certification standards. This certainly needs a special attention from government in raising the self-awareness on sustainable aquaculture and enhance the national aquaculture production.

During 2015, the implementation of CPIB/CBIB conducted by MFADC technical officer and auditor around the working area known as follows.  The implementation on technical aspect is 27.87%, Management aspect is 14.16%, food safety aspect is 34.99%, and 8.12% for environmental aspect.  It indicates that management and environmental aspects are need to be raised.  Considering on GAP clauses that paying more attention on food safety aspect, strategic framework is needed to get in the line with GAP.  The pressure on food safety awareness should not be applied to producers only but more to consumers.  A common circumstance in Indonesia that consumer is looking for the quantity more than the quality. The thing that caused producers to become quantity oriented rather than quality oriented. By raising the production quantity will gain more profit proportionally.    

Self-awareness on sustainable aquaculture should be encouraged massively. The responsibility is not only on the government hands but all stakeholders in aquaculture chain should be involved through Public Private Partnership. The positive impact from the arising self-awareness is the high quality and quantity of aquaculture product, revenue, and livelihood.   

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